Fiber Optic Race US Vs. China

Fiber optic technology was modernized with wide range of light carrying capability through a smaller fiber, which will be lightly thicker than the hair. This technology compromises the services in an innumerable of applications in different segments in world wide. This movement of light is virtually poignant from telecommunication in space to illumination the ocean. This technology and development of application has been grown without any end in the prospect.

Formerly knowing the pluses and description of the application the important thing to know is what makes fiber optic technology outlook apart when it is compared to the conventional cabling system. In this semiconductor technology is played a very important role in the dramatic implementation where it has developed the necessary light sources, optical instruments and photo detectors which make it as a loftier conformist cable. This fiber optic in U.S. is very cheap, cost effective and it is conventional to use where there it won’t get any damage in it when it is compared to the fiber optic which is made in China.

Benefits of fiber optic

  • These optical fiber offers a less transmission failure and larger bandwidths for sending data in the form of light.
  • Due to its less weight and tiny dimensions, it is advantage when it is compared to the bulky copper and other cable systems.
  • It is dielectric in nature which is immune to environmental electromagnetic interference.
  • They are constructed from glass or plastic which offer to complete electric isolation.
  • This is very cost effective when it is compared to the other cable systems because there are lots of raw materials available to construct these fibers.

Advantage of fiber optic

  • It is non-conductive in nature since it is made of silica with several insulating protecting layers over it. Therefore, it acts as a resistive to lightning, degradation and rusting. Also this is suitable for submerged applications like swimming pool and spa illumination.
  • It eliminates spark and shocks where the electric signals are extremely dangerous in many applications due to the sparks, and creating electrical current can be a dangerous and accidental. This fiber optic is free from the problems where it does not carry current or any of the problems like this.
  • Installing fiber optic is very easy because conventional cables are thick, heavy and bulky which is very massive and very difficult to install but fiber optic is very thin, light flexible and easy to install in any location which can be framed into any object.
  • It is resistant to electromagnetic interference with most valuable quality of optical fiber in the telecommunication manufacturing. This intrusion is a type of noise which decreases the quality of signal.
  • The cabling technology has been enhanced in the manufacturing process to make optical fiber to the most secure and safe in means of communicating signals or light. Also it is secured in data transmission and safe to exploit in the light and high temperature solicitation.
  • It has high bandwidth to cover the extensive distances to carry the indicators at high speed or data rate which makes them to transfer the extensive distance without using any repeaters or amplifiers. This makes it ideal for online applications such as video games or dating sites and apps. Sites like Meet N Fuck (found here) which offer both dating and meetnfuck games benefit greatly from more effective internet for their users. This is only one example, but the implications are large for companies and individual users alike. These optic fibers can accomplish beyond the average range that means it is flexible, reliable, safe, secure, less prone to environmental hazards, easy to install and manage when it is compared to any other cable types.

Disadvantage of fiber optic

  • Fiber optical technology can be best in applied solution for many wiring applications where there is also some difficulties and disadvantages and requires some attention to overcome.
  • Fiber optic cables can be low cost but installation cost is high. Installation cost also requires the special tools and techniques which result in the augmentation of the overall expense.
  • It is sensitive and it should be handled with care because it is more fragile than other cables therefore pulling and bending should be handled carefully.
  • Fiber optics is opaque owing to continuous use which decreases the efficiency and life.
  • It requires a special skill to install the new technology and accessories i.e. skilled labor is requires to install the optic fiber cable also it is costly to install it.

Optic fiber in Area of uses

Therefore, there are advantages and disadvantages on the optical fiber system which serves as the basic implementing application for any cables. Since it has the lot of advantage there is a wider area of uses and installation of the fiber optic and the areas of uses are:

  • In military projects where it is very tough and it need to be secured in the use of military application therefore in this case fiber optic offers a high speed and greater band width in the areas like military.
  • It is used in wide range in smart highways, smart traffic lighting system and automated booths in transportation of technology.
  • It is used in the telecommunication sector where in global wide they are upgrading to optical fiber. Technologies which utilize to get advanced internet data of transmission speed, digitization of wired TV, large distance communication and computer networking.
  • This fiber optic is user friendly and most attractive application which is used to decoration and art lighting which also used to a large pools and spas.
  • Fiber optics lighting is pleasing it is safe lighting for pools and glowing. It is much safer there is no electric shock or danger from illumination even in under water. Due to latest color wheel and illumination it helps to create the different pattern and art through the fiber optic cables inside the water or pool.
  • Due to new technology these fiber optics make thousands of colors to flow along water in the fountain and also it can be implemented in the waterfall or pond.
  • The fiber optic cables can be utilized in the disco and casino which is used as the decorative element or lighting in the end glow or in side glow as well as it also can be used in the museum and malls for displaying the names, patterns and for illuminating glass objects.
  • Everything can be created and imagined with the lighting which is possible with the optical fiber technology.

These optic fiber cables are used beyond the coverage area of the practical use and it can be incorporated at any location also it is repairable, efficient in power and developing more green and it is eco-friendly in environment. This technology is more versatile and gives the uniqueness feature in all economical way and it gives the life time warranty in the specified areas.

The major difference between fiber optic in U.S. vs China is the thickness and the flexibility of the cables and also the cost. In U.S. it is made of quality cable system and it is little costly when compared to other cable but it has more life in other hand fiber optic in China is made little less quality and it is not too costly it is affordable in price and need to upgrade the cable after 20 years. This is the difference between optic fiber in U.S. and in China.

Why you need a fiber identifier and what it does for you?

Hope, you have seen a technician who working on the telephone jump box near to your house and you have observed that particular handheld phone like tool is used by the technicians to identify the incoming telephone wires by tapping on to the wires by listening to its tone. During installing the optic fiber network maintenance and restoration is very important to identify the wires passing through and install it without disturbing anything or services which already exist.

How does it work? for that you can find a slot on top of the fiber optic identifier where in that fiber test should be inserted in the slot then the fiber identifier performs a macro bend in the fiber …

history of the internet

A Brief History of the Internet

There is no doubt that the internet is a powerful establishment of technology, industry, and communication. Internet is stated as the network of networks which has an ability to connect millions of computers in order to form a wide range of network and it also helps to communicate with each other around the globe and also helps in sharing the data and resources. It is easy to receive any kind of information, accessibility to data, communication among people, shopping online, playing games, sex apps, dating apps, and many more things can be easily done just by connecting your computer via the Internet.

World Wide Web

WWW is expanded as the World Wide Web or web is a platform with different websites which helps you to access any kind of global information across the Internet. A web-browser application is essentially important that assists you to obtain all the information from multiple websites by the Internet. So the Internet is everything and requires many things that can assist you to gather any kind of information happening globally from the worldwide range. There are some admired “Authorities” on the internet which extremely impact the internet’s posts and people interactions. Creating a website for your business is not enough and you need to do some SEO works to bring your website in top Google listings.

The Internet has been the chief source in various fields like Education, Science, experimentation and others to promote, plan and perform many other actions. It is a physical entity that relies on the corporeal foundation to connect a network of other systems. The Internet theory was first neologized through networking by J C R Licklider in 1962 which originally coined as Galactic network. It was applied for interconnecting a set of computers to access the data as well as programs. The concept of DARPA came into a continuation and finally, ARPANET which is known as the first host computer was equated. The ARPANET was used formerly as a networking technology for the first electronic mail messaging service. Finally, ARPANET converted the Internet which runs on various autonomous networks with its system architecture design. The packet switching method was also added between networks that execute data communication from one point to another cautiously.

The beginning of the term Internet

On October 24, 1995, the FNC announced a resolution stating the term as the Internet with several members of the Internet and rational property associations. The recommendation passed states where the Internet is a global erudition system that is logically connected by global unique reservation address depending on IP or Internet Protocol including support communications utilizing TCP or Transmission Control Protocol. It additionally affirms that it provides the users access to all the assistance clandestinely or publicly for discussions. Since then with considerable evolution and technology, the networking theory has developed. There came peer to scrutinize, client/server model and more that supports connecting personal computers to a web. Physical cordages, extension wires, networking accessories, LAN, WAN and several other things also evolved into existence with the new generation that distributes the networks worldwide. There are numerous connection varieties like wired, wireless, 2G to 7G that starts to enhance the network functions.

Internet TimeLine shows the discoveries, achievements and major findings in the evolution of the Internet in this Computer world. It was in 1962 when J.C.R Liklider first neologized the idea of an intergalactic set-up of networked systems after which the ARPA which is expanded as Advanced Research Projects Agency was created by US Government while the packet switching was launched by Leonard Kleinrock. From 1964 to 1967 a distinctive packet switching set-up was designed by Donald watts Davies at National physical laboratory in Great Britain which transforms the data communications in multiple fields. Additionally, the information blocks model was also relinquished during data connections by Paul Baran from Rand Corporation in the US.

The essential changeover of the Internet

1965 was the year of the first WAN which is expanded as the Wide area network. It was generated by connecting over a long-distance dial-up within TX-2 computer in Massachusetts and Q-32 computer in California. The packet switching cycle also expands into a continuation for more dependable data communications. In 1969 the final plans, funding, patterns and first record packet rearranging the ARPAnet’s structure proposal was drafted to design the network construction. The physical interface message processor which is known as IMP was produced that it links to four distinct universities and data packets are sent halfway networked computers. The first trial was not successful with the capital G of Login was started. But in the second trial, it furnishes a positive acknowledgement. In 1972, Following the Internet protocols execution and first IP connectivity were created, the IMP network also immediately progresses with 23 hosts. Eventually, the e-mail or electronic mail was preceded by Ray Tomlinson that can transmit messages across networks. Packet switching was caused by linking 20 different computers and the first Internet address registry was performed.

During 1973 the first TCP/IP protocol and Ethernet were developed that interlinks different computer networks for conversing with other individuals. The TCP provides the users to log in to a remote computer as well as supports to download files. In 1982, the first Internet connection was installed in Asia by Kilnam Chon that was called as SDN and succeeding termed as the Internet. The first DNS or Domain name system was organized with network addresses in 1983 to recognize an organization by .edu, .com, .org etc. The first UNIX network was formed in Japan in 1984 and the first e-mail accepted in Germany. In 1988, the first Internet exchange point was installed by joining TCP/IP networks and first commercial as well as the non-commercial Internet networks. It was additionally the year where the first ISP or Internet Service provider was designed by Daniel Karrenberg. It is the time when the Internet is increasing worldwide and Dr Stephen Goldstein operates an essential role in evaluating and funding for the Internet. It then accommodates to combine about 25 countries to NSFNET. …

Is 5G The Network Of The Future?

5G is the short form for the 5th generation of mobile network. This global wireless network comes after 2G, 3G and 4G connectivity. It enables a distinct network system designed to connect devices, objects, and machines seamlessly.

The technology offers a high multi GBPS data speed. It has more reliability and low latency. Due to its increased availability and huge network capacity – it offers a superb user experience to the users. Its improved efficiency and high performance have made it a clear choice for several large and small industries.

The air interface has a more unified pattern. It is designed with a high-end capacity to allow the next gen user experience and empower industries with brilliant network support.

Before we proceed to learn more about 5G, let’s take a quick look at who invented it. Actually, when it comes to network connectivity, no single person or a company can claim it. Multiple companies are contributing to shape the life of 5G in their respective mobile ecosystem. One of the many industries playing a major role in founding the technologies of 5G is Qualcomm. The companies operate at the core level of 3GPP (3rd generation partnership project) – the supreme organization that defines 4G LTE, 3G UMTS, and the specifications of 5G technologies.

Technologies underlying 5G technology:

5G is mainly based on orthogonal frequency driven multiplexing or OFDM. This is a mode of modulating any digital signal across multiple channels so as to reduce unnecessary interference. 5G uses a 5G NR air interface along with the OFDM principles. Wider bandwidth technologies like mmWave and sub-6 GHz are also used here.

However, bear in mind that no mobile connectivity is solely different from the rest. For instance, 5G OFDM operates in the similar mobile network system as in 4G LTE. So, what’s the difference? The distinction lies in the fact that OFDM can deliver a higher degree of scalability and flexibility than 4G LTE. This is why more people across any place can have a better network coverage with a 5G access.

5G is not only designed to deliver a fast and efficient mobile broadband connectivity as compared to 4G LTE, but it can also open the horizons of new services like connecting a massive IoT and accomplishing mission critical communications. Various self contained TDD sub-frameworks allow 5G NR air interface to accomplish these.


Another interesting part of mobile network connectivity is the timeline. Doesn’t it excite you to know how 5G evolved? Surely it has a root back in the times of 1G! Here’s a quick glance at the timeline:

1G – first generation – 1980s – It delivered an analogue voice
2G – second generation – early 1990s – it brought forth a digital voice; for example code division multiple access (CDMA)
3G – third generation – early 2000s – it shaped the life of modern mobile data ecosystem
4G LTE – forth generation – 2010 – it ushered the age of mobile broadband
All the four generations of network connectivity led to the existence of 5G.

How is 5G better than 4G?

Is it all about speed? Surely not. 5G offers more than just data speed. Take a look.

  • 5G uses a better spectrum than 4G
  • It has a more unified platform that is way more capable than 4G
  • It has a lower latency than 4G
  • It has a higher capacity than 4G
  • It is extremely faster than 4G

The main difference between the duo lies in their intention. While 4G LTE was designed to deliver a fast mobile broadband service than 3G; 5G connectivity focuses on a unified and a capable platform that can enhance user experience. It supports virtually all bands (high, mid, and low), spectrum types (unlicensed, licensed, and shared), deployment models (hotspots to traditional macro cells). It also opens a new way of interconnectivity – device to device or multi hopping mesh.

With its low latency and high speed, 5G can bring a revolution in the realm of the IoT (Internet of Things), AI (Artificial Intelligence), and VR (Virtual Reality). Naturally, we may expect a transformation in our way of surfing mobile browsers.

How can it impact the global economy?

Undoubtedly, 5G is heralding a new timeline of a global growth. Let’s quickly check how it is driving the boom in the global economy:

  • $13.2 trillion of global economic growth
  • $2.1trillion in the growth of GDP
  • Creation of 22.3 million new jobs

The recent studies reveal that 5G’s complete economic effect can be realized across the globe in the coming years. The connectivity is potential enough to support over 13.2 trillion dollars worth of services and goods.

With negligible latency, superb reliability and high speed, 5G takes mobile ecosystem to the next level. It has a positive impact across all the business verticals. Thanks to 5G, higher precision in agriculture, remote healthcare, digital logistics, and safer transportation are no more dreams but a reality.…

Net Neutrality: A Deep Dive

What is net neutrality?

Net neutrality is all about the Government or Internet Service Providers (ISPs) treating all the data on the Internet equally without any bias and does not charge differently from the consumers for giving preferential treatment to certain websites or higher-quality delivery. In a broader context, internet users should have access to all the data at the same speed. This means that Internet service providers should not be able to slide some data onto the fast lanes by blocking or slowing down the other data. In other words, the internet service provider should never be able to block you from accessing a service like Skype and slow down Netflix so that it is encouraging you to keep your cable package or manipulating you to buy a different video streaming service.

Many Global councils have strived and tried to reinforce net neutrality protections. Many net neutrality advocates believe it as a fact that the internet is very important for innovation and everybody has the right to proper information. If the internet service providers are biased and start playing only its favorite online information or apps then the new technologies and companies will never have a chance to grow. For example, if the internet service providers have blocked or slowed down YouTube and Netflix then we wouldn’t have both of them in today’s generation.

The majority of the consumer advocates argue that if the net neutrality rules are prohibited then the Internet service providers start selling the internet in bundles. When this happens, they will have two different packages, one which will be a premium package which will be sold for a huge price and many of the utility apps like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and other social media package and including a few other websites will be available in with amazing speed; and in the second package, everything will be slow. This will be like paying a huge price for basic needs.

How does it affect me anyway?

When net neutrality rules are properly followed then all the Internet service providers will treat everyone’s data without any bias and they do not get to censor certain websites nor they can slow down any of your favorite websites. For example, if your internet service provider has a good tie-up with a particular entertainment streaming service or a cable channel then it would slow down your streaming speed on any other channels apart from that particular entertainment streaming service. It might also demand more money to gave the bandwidth so that you can watch all your prime shows on Amazon and Netflix. The loss of net neutrality stops this from happening.

Global councils set up proper regulations for sustaining net neutrality but the Internet service providers have protested this. If net neutrality is eliminated then below are a few things which will be gone for a toss:

  1. Freedom to start an online business and compete on a high level.
  2. Freedom of speech online.
  3. Freedom from Monopoly business.
  4. Freedom to browse at a fast speed and visit any website.

The sad truth is that fast lanes in the internet service provider do exist. Highly successful companies like Facebook, Netflix, and Google already pay for Direct Access to Internet service providers. According to research, there are two types of fast lanes that our existing today.


The famous and successful companies pay the internet service providers for a direct connection which is called peering which makes a link for the internet backbone and speeds up their transfers.

Content delivery network

The reason why Google results are displayed so quickly is that the search engine pays for this privilege and sets its service inside the bowels of Internet service providers that are the sole reason why the search is faster and the images are displayed even faster.

The open internet order has come up with three important rules on how to completely eradicate the competitive practices by ISP s and follow net neutrality.

Firstly any internet service provider must be transparent on how they manage the traffic on their networks. The second rule is to avoid blocking their customers from accessing any applications of any video streaming services or websites owned by the competitors. The third rule is to provide unbiased service to any customer for any data.…

internet censorship

What Countries Have Little Public Access to Internet?

In this modern world, everything had become online starting from essential things till valuable purchase people use internet. All these made internet as a vital thing and moreover there are several business running by keeping internet as their main source. Even many people spend most of their time in online just by searching information, social media usage, shopping starts from dresses till food, travel bookings and many things. All these facilities made internet usage as essential thing in the world other than anything. At present, it came to a situation that is it is rare to find people without using smart phone and internet access. But in reality the internet usage is decided by the government still there are countries available where public internet access is limited or prohibited completely. In those countries internet access is completely controlled by the government of the country.

List of countries have least internet access:

Limited access or prohibition to internet usage by hearing this many people can wonder whether it is possible. But in real there are several countries available in the world with limited public internet access were some of the countries are prohibit internet usage by public. To reveal the suspense of true fact here are countries who have limited public access to internet are listed below.

  • Iran
  • Cuba
  • China
  • Myanmar
  • Ethiopia

Thus all above countries has limited public internet access in different ways each country follow different rules and terms for public internet access,

Iran: Iran remains to be lowest rated country for public internet freedom were government had banned millions of websites and blogs in country which are completely not used. Further government had created fake versions of the sites which made search engines to collapse. Thus Iran citizens do not have access to sensitive websites such as twitter, facebook and so.

Cuba: although the country improved lot still they have limited public access to internet by having poor internet connection speed in Americas. The main reason is free speech is highly prohibited in the country. People blogged in sensation way against government are made prisoner.

China: the country is mainly focused in reporting news which can give negative things towards the communist government so the internet usage is censored. They do not want to see any online articles which promote other countries this made them as a top most jailer for journalists.

Myanmar: media censorship still prevails in this country thus people are not allowed to get involved in any media action against state. If people do not follow then they would be made prisoner, 3 journalist and 2 publisher published article in online that has a sentence related defame the state they were prison for 2 years.

Ethiopia: the country has close internet monitoring with certain bloggers and journalist if any news related to government corruption or against government they were made prisoner. Moreover state owned ISP routinely blocks websites and blogs which are undermine the country.…